This is an introductory list of some common injuries that can be addressed at Bodymed Rehabilitation Centre. Our professional and knowledgeable staff work closely with each other to develop effective treatment plans catered to your individual needs. It is common for a patient to have multiple causes for their pain and injuries, so similarly we must address these cases with multiple practitioners in an interdisciplinary environment. With a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist on site, our team is able to treat any issue you may have. It is important to remember that regular physical therapy is often the first line of defense for injury prevention and pain management.
Shoulder Conditions/Injuries[toggle_container keep_open=”false” initial_open=””] [toggle title=”Adhesive Capsulitis”] Adhesive capsulitis, or frozen shoulder, is a condition that usually develops after an injury or surgery to the shoulder. As your body begins to heal from the injury or surgery, tissue begins to regenerate. Scar tissue/adhesions can develop around the shoulder joint and capsule if an individual guards and limits his/her range of motion to the affected shoulder. The result of this scar tissue/adhesion is stiffness, limited range of motion and pain at the shoulder joint when movement of the affected shoulder is attempted. The image provided displays scar tissue/adhesions that can develop at the shoulder joint and capsule after an injury or surgery.
[/toggle] [toggle title=”Rotator Cuff Tendonitis”] The rotator cuff is comprised of a group of four muscles in the shoulder: supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis and teres minor. These muscles help hold the head of the humerus (ball) inside the shoulder socket by providing strength and stability. This muscle group also assists in moving the arm inward (internal rotation), outward (external rotation) and to the side (abduction). The most commonly injured muscle in this group is the supraspinatus. Pain is usually located at the anterior aspect of the shoulder and can increase by bringing the arm outwards or sideways. These movements of the arm are usually weaker as well. The injury is caused because the tendon of the supraspinatus (a tendon connects muscle to bone) is injured and inflamed because of overuse of the shoulder, sudden movement of the shoulder, improper mechanics or a fall onto the shoulder.[/toggle] [toggle title=”Biceps Strain/Tendonitis”] Are you experiencing pain at the front of your shoulder or in your biceps? Do you experience an increase in pain when you bring your arm up in front of you over your shoulder? Does performing activities such as throwing or working overhead make your symptoms worse? If this is your situation than you may be experiencing a condition called a biceps strain which may lead to tendonitis. This is an injury which is commonly seen by a physical therapist and is often associated with overuse and poor mechanics with various activities such as throwing. [/toggle] [/toggle_container]
Arm, Elbow, Wrist and Hand Conditions/injuries
[toggle_container keep_open=”false” initial_open=””][toggle title=”Tennis Elbow”] Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is an inflammation of the tendon on the outside of the elbow resulting in pain and tenderness to this area. Lateral epicondylitis is often called tennis elbow because many tennis players would develop pain on the outside of the elbow as a result of a poor backhand technique or insufficient grip size of the racket. Tennis elbow is often associated with overuse as well as repetitive extension at the elbow, wrist and fingers.
[toggle title=”Golfer’s Elbow”] Are you experiencing pain at the inside of your elbow? Does the muscle in your forearm feel tight and sore? Does grasping items make your symptoms worse? If this is your situation than you may be experiencing a condition called golfer’s elbow. This is an injury which is commonly seen by a physical therapist and is often associated with overuse and poor mechanics with various activities including golf as well as repetitive flexion at the elbow, wrist and fingers.
[/toggle][toggle title=”Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)”]Individuals with CTS can experience a variety of symptoms associated with this neuropathy. The most common symptoms are numbness, tingling or a burning sensation of the median nerve innervated region of the hand (thumb, index & middle fingers) along with pain which may extend into the elbow. [/toggle] [/toggle_container]
Lumbar/Low Back Conditions/Injuries[toggle_container keep_open=”false” initial_open=””] [toggle title=”Low back strain”]The low back is a common area for injury and can be strained when the muscles are stressed secondary to a sudden movement, lifting something that is too heavy or lifting something utilizing poor mechanics. As a result of the injury the muscles in the back can become inflamed, irritable, tight, tender to the touch or go into spasms.
[/toggle][toggle title=”Bulging Lumbar Disc/Herniated Disc”]In your low back you have five vertebrae (bones) that are connected and make up your lumbar spine. In between the vertebrae there is a structure called a disc which is made up of fibrous tissue (annulus fibrosus) on the outside and a gel like material (nucleus pulposus) on the inside. These discs function like shock absorbers for your spine and help absorb forces. If you perform activities such as lifting, bending or twisting you could put additional stresses on these discs and cause them to herniate/bulge. When a disc is herniated the gel like material located in the inner portion of the disc pushes out through the weakest part of the outer portion of the disc. If this occurs, the herniated/bulging disc can push up on a nerve that branches out from the spinal cord and cause pain in the low back. In addition, an individual could also experience pain that radiates down the leg, numbness/tingling of the low back/leg and weakness of the lower extremity muscles.
Lower Extremity Conditions/Injuries[toggle_container keep_open=”false” initial_open=””] [toggle title=”Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Sprain/Tear ”] The anterior cruciate ligament is a sturdy band of fibrous connective tissue (ligament) which connects the bottom portion of the posterior thigh bone (medial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle) to the anterior top portion of the lower leg bone (anterior intercondylar area of the tibia). Its function is to promote stability at the knee by minimizing the thigh bone (femur) from displacing forward while the lower leg is planted on the ground. It is often injured with activities which require twisting motions at the knee, hyper extension of the knee, planting of the lower leg while stopping/cutting suddenly, or sustaining a blow to the lower leg when the lower leg is planted on the ground. [/toggle] [toggle title=” Hamstring Strain”] Acute hamstring strains are a common injury in sports, especially with sports which involve sprinting. In sports such as professional soccer, current statistics show the frequency of hamstring strains in males to be up to 16% of all injuries [/toggle] [toggle title=”Knee Osteoarthritis ”] Pain, impaired mobility, and reduced muscle strength are common findings in patients with OA which can limit activities of daily living. Knee osteoarthritis is primarily characterized by cartilage deterioration along with associated ligament tearing, bone calcification and changes in musculature that may cause joint space narrowing. [/toggle] [toggle title=” Knee Problems and Injuries”] Knee problems and injuries most often occur during sports or recreational activities, work-related tasks, or home projects. Sudden (acute) injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or from abnormal twisting, bending the knee, or falling on the knee. Pain, bruising, or swelling may be severe and develop within minutes of the injury. Nerves or blood vessels may be pinched or damaged during the injury. The knee or lower leg may feel numb, weak, or cold; tingle; or look pale or blue. Overuse injuries occur with repetitive activities or repeated or prolonged pressure on the knee. Activities such as stair climbing, bicycle riding, jogging, or jumping stress joints and other tissues and can lead to irritation and inflammation. [/toggle] [/toggle_container]
Lower Leg, Ankle and Foot Conditions/Injuries[toggle_container keep_open=”false” initial_open=””] [toggle title=”Ankle Sprain ”]The most common type of injury to the ankle is an inversion ankle sprain. This is caused by the rolling of the foot inwards and the application of an abnormal force to the outside of the ankle. As a result of this force the ligaments in this region of the ankle could be stretched or torn. [/toggle] [toggle title=”Plantar Fasciitis ”] Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a fibrous sheath that runs across the arch of the bottom of the foot. When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed an individual can experience pain and tenderness at the heel and arch of the foot. [/toggle] [toggle title=”Achilles Tendonitis”]Are you experiencing pain at your achilles tendon or heel? Does this pain worsen with walking, exercise or running? If this is your situation, then you may be experiencing a condition called achilles tendonitis. This is an injury that is commonly seen by a physical therapist and is often associated with poor foot mechanics and repetitive stress to the achilles tendon. [/toggle] [toggle title=”Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome – Shin Splints ”]The term shin splints is an umbrella term utilized to describe pain at the anterior aspect of the lower leg. There are a variety of conditions which are often times classified in the category of shin splints. They can include anterior shin splints, medial tibial stress syndrome, tibial stress fracture, fibular stress fracture, acute compartment syndrome, chronic exertional compartmental syndrome, congenital anomaly and tumor. Stress fractures, chronic compartment syndrome, and medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) are the 3 most common forms of exercise induced leg pain, with MTSS having the highest prevalence. [/toggle] [/toggle_container]